With technology influencing the method of production of each field, it is impossible to imagine that technology, over the years, has not led to the development of a single developmental field that benefits mankind. In the history of construction too, there have been some major shifts in the process used and the technology employed. The field has majorly adapted to the changing paradigms of the business. There are numerous futuristic construction technologies that are being widely tested and plans of putting them to use are rampant. Many concepts include devising ways to use recycled products, solar energy to tap into daily important mediums of use like hot water, electricity, etc.
Some of the futuristic construction technologies are as detailed below.
Smart Roads: In order to make driving safer and the area surrounding roads greener, this method involves the use of sensors and technology. Cited as the future of transport, this technology aids in – tracking weather conditions, generate electricity, charge electric vehicles and provide energy for street lighting.
Restoring concrete: Concrete used in the construction of buildings, tunnels, roads, highways, etc. tend to crack over a period of time. With self-healing concrete, it is ensured that it will add life to these structures. This process takes place when water is poured on the cracked surface. As the water seeps in through the cracks, the bacteria that was initially harvested during the mixing of the concrete is activated, excreting calcite thus, joining the cracks.
Transparent aluminium: As strong as steel in durability, transparent aluminium gives the look and finish of a glass while also being bulletproof. The making of this material involves a highly advanced process that involves the use of laser technology.
Smart bricks: Somewhat like the Lego bricks, smart bricks are made of high strength concrete that involves thermal energy control. Modularly designed, they help in cutting down construction costs while allowing ease of space for connections for plumbing, insulation and electricity.
Anti-pollution buildings: Erected with the use of shrubs and trees, pollution-fighting buildings are designed to tackle air pollution.
Bamboo towns: Buildings made of interlocking bamboo structures are more resilient than concrete and has higher sustainability.
Swarm construction: Researchers at Harvard have designed a process of construction that is abetted by the work of termites. Working together as a swarm, termites with the help of construction robots build designs that are pre-programmed into the robots.
Modular construction method: In this method, a standardized process in employed that entails assembling maximum construction objects off-site. This helps in efficient building and reduces construction costs.
One of the other major factors that need proper planning and evolving in addition to sustainable and advanced construction is to make the process of construction more effective and affordable. The major factors that program construction like transportation of building materials, demolition services required to raze the ground to erect the structure, measurement and monitoring of the construction process itself are all crucial in dictating whether or not the goal of building a sustainable, affordable structure is achieved.