The 2019 Survey of College and University Business Officers

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Inside Higher Ed conducts an annual survey of college and university business officers. The point of this higher education survey is to reveal the business climate within education, and connect it to the issues of stability and reputation of higher education institutions. 

Throughout the past few years, private college officials have been concerned about the financial viability of their institutions. This year, they are slightly more optimistic. Public universities, on the other hand, are feeling more pressure than ever. 

Dan Greenstein, chancellor at Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, said: “Let’s give it a name. It’s called terminal financial decline. Let’s give it a duration. It’s got about seven to ten years. Every choice we make has a consequence.”

With that, Mr. Greenstein summed up the findings of the ed survey. But we’ll get into more detail. 

This universities survey is important for measuring the financial health of educational institutions and working towards a better model, which would work for the students, the government, and private schools. 

It’s a Tough Financial Environment for Colleges and Universities

Many students complain about the massive tuition fees. They have every right to do so. They pay thousands of dollars per semester, so most of them have to take jobs in order to afford higher education. Since they spend a lot of time on the job, they have less space for academic projects and end up hiring an essay writing service when they need help. This is a big problem that affects their success at college, and it has a financial background. 

But students often fail to realize the other side of the coin. Universities don’t impose higher fees because they like to. They do it because it’s the only way for them to stay financially viable. We’re often talking about the ways technology will change education. The change is great, but technology costs a lot of money for universities. They have to provide it, and they have to afford it. 

47% of the business officials at private baccalaureate colleges and 30% of those at private nonprofits said that they had drawn endowment funds above the normal spending policy over the past year. 25% of the colleges that had drawn funds said the amounts were between $5 million and $30 million over five years. This is a clear sign of the financial distress these institutions feel. The higher tuition fees do not come close to covering their expenses.

When asked if they expected the economic downturn to negatively affect their institutions, only 17% of the respondents were confident that their schools would remain viable. 59% of the business officers said they were worried about the impact of the declining economy. When divided between community and private baccalaureate colleges, the concern was clearly greater among private institutions (75% vs. 47%). 

When asked about potential solutions, a merge came out as a favorable option. 18% of business officers agreed that their institution should merge within the next five years. Comparing with the results of the 2018 education survey, that percentage stayed the same. 28% of the respondents said they had a serious internal discussion about administration/academic consolidation. 62% agreed that their colleges should share administrative functions.

How does this solve the problem? A successful merge can produce the revenue, marketing strategy, and financial reserves for a college to stay viable. That’s why 70% of the respondents from private nonprofit institutions said that their colleges should at least share academic programs.   

What Does This Mean for the Students?

Unfortunately, we’ll continue seeing higher tuition fees for the years to come. 38% of the survey respondents agreed that the current tuition discount rate at their institutions was unsustainable. When compared to the 48% from the 2018 survey, we’re at a better position today. Still, the tuition fees are not likely to drop. Only 7% of college business officers said that the tuition rate dropped, and 23% had only considered doing that. 71% haven’t considered a reset, since it wouldn’t benefit their institution at all. 

The results from this survey make us ask the same question all over again: is this educational model sustainable? Public institutions seem to struggle less, but they still experience financial difficulties. For private colleges, the struggle is real. We see less confidence in future financial stability, and the final burden will definitely fall on the backs of future generations of students. 

Studying English continues to grow as international skill

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When it comes to mastering new skills and fine-tuning existing talents, there is much to be said about persevering even when the going gets considerably tough. As the saying goes, ‘nothing worth having comes easily’. There are (literally) a world of skills and talents out there, and they are all valuable. Arguably one of the most valuable skills and talents in all the world is being bilingual (having the ability to not only understand, but also fluently speak more than one language). Being bilingual is a skill that is quickly becoming more and more popular as time goes on, with millions of people taking lessons in different languages every other day.

Learning languages continues to become more popular

Having the command and in-depth understanding of multiple languages is a gift, and more and more, people are understanding the benefit of being able to understand and fluently speak a different language (or multiple) than their native tongue. One of the most popular languages to study and learn is English. As one of the most common languages in the world (and in fact the leading second language in the world), English is a language the world adores.

Why being bilingual is such a special skill

Whether you make the decision to study English, or learn Italian, or any other language available to you, being bilingual is a tremendous advantage not only in your understanding of other cultures and the world around you, but in your everyday life, and even at work. Having another language listed in your skills section of your resume gives you an advantage above the competition because it means that there is the potential for you to bring in more international business, as well as form international professional networking connections.

Why studying English is such a power move

As mentioned earlier, English is the world’s most common second language. With roughly 1.2 billion people internationally that speak English as their second language, it is an incredible advantage to be able to join that constantly growing number. Why? Because English is the most commonly spoken language in the world, and if you travel or otherwise reach out of your comfort zone, having a sense of familiarity to help you work through the experience can and often does make all the difference.

At the end of the day, being bilingual in general is an impressive skill that can edge you above the competition for your dream job, or help you navigate an unfamiliar environment more easily, or even just connect with people from all walks of life, all over the world. And studying English is the most sure-fire way to join in the global conversation, without navigating the barriers that can easily arise across borders. More and more, the modern world is proving to be one that is bilingual, and studying and mastering English can be a great way to surge ahead in that modern world (not to mention the future that follows). 

Two definite improvements that show there is a new wave of education

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Over the past few years, education has changed immensely. In the past, education was viewed simply as a means to garner a graduation diploma. Recently, more and more students want to focus on education to understand and partake on different career paths. Additionally, the importance of education has risen in recent years as more authoritative figures understand its direct impacts on children. Through better means of education and learning, the whole industry has started to transform. Students can focus on their passions from an earlier age and teachers can change the manner in which lessons are delivered. This new wave of education has taken place by either direct or indirect influence from the advancements in technology as well as the newfound importance of mindfulness. It has never been easier for students to find personalized support for assignments simply by typing “pay someone to do my assignment” online. Teachers have begun to understand the impacts of concentration and peacefulness on the education provided. It is important to explore the 2 improvements more to understand their entire impact.

These are the 2 definite improvements that show there is a new wave of education:

  1. Technology

Education Technology otherwise known as Ed Tech, has become one of the largest growing industries in the past year. Technology has transformed the way in which education is delivered as well as the way in which students process the education material. Therefore, the growth of the Ed Tech industry has been inevitable, but more importantly, beneficial. A lot of new technological advancements, such as artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and personalized learning have made their way into daily classrooms. Artificial Intelligence, for example, is being used consistently worldwide for text-to-speech purposes; supporting dyslexic students as well as helping students learn new languages. Additionally technology has also allowed students to recognize their needs and become acquainted with a variety of platforms. The technological advancements have also started to find way into remote villages in countries around the world, overall increasing the impact of education worldwide.

  1. Mindfulness

Another aspect of education that has recently seen growth is the integration of mindfulness into the classroom. Much research has found that stress can be detrimental to a student’s success and that many different situations in the classroom can trigger it. Therefore, in recent years, as technology has also significantly decreased a student’s attention span, so has mindfulness. Meditation has become a way of punishment to help students learn calmness, while also being used in classrooms to improve focus. Additionally, schools are finding a link between artistic and academic intelligence incorporating more of the prior to the classrooms. Furthermore, education all over the world is being influenced by the addition of more “artistic” periods into the daily schedule as it assists in the learning of academic knowledge. Both of these innovations have helped increase student productivity as well as achievement.

Overall, this new wave of education has become a necessity to the system and the schools. Nonetheless, even though it has long-term and short-term benefits, the new additions need to be regulated carefully. Each aspect if not provided and added in a carefully organized manner can result in the opposite effect. The education system will continue changing as it will have to become 

The wild adventure of studying abroad

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Education is of course a unique adventure that is equal parts challenging and rewarding. This is even truer for higher education. As a college or university student, there is a world of opportunity available to you. It is important to always remember that access to education is a privilege, and one should always strive to embrace as many of the experiences and opportunities that come their way because of their education. There are many, many experiences and opportunities, and all of them have their own distinct advantages and benefits. It can be overwhelming, to say the least.

Without a doubt, one of the most exhilarating and unforgettable experiences you can have as a higher education student is one that is (perhaps surprisingly) off campus. Of course, higher education (and all avenues of education, for that matter) is about excelling and growing academically and intellectually, but it is also about growing personally. And what better way to do that during your years as a higher education student, than to head overseas to study for a semester or two. Studying abroad is an academic experience that is steadily drawing more and more students in with every new year.

The adventure of a student’s lifetime

Being a higher education student is an adventure in itself, but there is nothing quite like the wild adventure of embracing overseas study. Often aptly described as the adventure of a (student’s) lifetime, overseas study encourages students to embrace the unknown and dive deep into a world of adventure and wild experiences. Becoming a student of the world means that you are open and ready for new adventures, and willing to embrace them even when they are daunting, even scary, to begin with. When studying abroad, you have the best of both worlds, without the need to constantly be see-sawing between the two.

Embracing balance between life and study

Studying abroad gives you the chance to study while exploring and travelling the world. It is a sense of freedom that has not always been a possibility, and it remains quite unique for this fact even now. But with this once in a lifetime experience, comes the need to learn to balance between adventure and study. Some abroad students do so by studying throughout the week, giving them a night or two throughout the week to go out and explore, and the weekends for longer adventures. Others opt to seek the assistance of an essay writing service to help them keep up with their workload. Either way, finding the right balance for you is crucial.

Expanding your network before even graduating

One common problem among fresh college or university graduates is that by the time they graduate and take their first steps into the workforce, they find that it really can be all about who you know. In a world that has become more advanced and thus more competitive under the eye of digital and technological advancement, knowing the right people can make a world of difference. Studying abroad gives you the chance to expand your professional network not only before you have even graduated and entered the workforce, but around the world, making connections that you might never have if you had stayed at home. Use your experience studying abroad to network as well as learn and enjoy yourself in a new place.

The reasons sending abroad study enrolments surging upward

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Education is without a doubt one of the most prominent core components in modern life. As a student, there are so many different choices and paths to choose from throughout the journey. There are always new opportunities to be taken advantage of, new skills to be learned, and new chances to be considered. One of those choices that is proving to be exceedingly popular around the world is none other than abroad study. Once a niche offering available only to the richest of the rich, abroad study is now offered to the wider student body across the world, and it is becoming more and more popular a study approach with every passing day. It is little wonder, what with the opportunity to learn and adventure at the same time. Abroad study gives students an entirely unique chance to branch out from the ordinary and soar into the extraordinary.

The world as your oyster

Whether the underlying reason for studying abroad to master mandarin at a legitimate Chinese language school in China, or learn the arts in New York, USA, or any other manner of international study opportunities available to you, the point is always the same: in embracing and diving into studying overseas, you are understanding and taking advantage of the fact that the world is your oyster, and you are entirely in control of how that experience unfolds. Studying overseas gives students a literal world of opportunities to choose from. With nowhere to go but anywhere, there is excitement and lessons to be had around every corner, and from every angle.

Abroad study as the ultimate edge for future career prospects

It is no secret that employers these days are always looking for candidates who have something a little different in their resumes, to set them apart from the competition. What better way to insert that into your own resume, than to study overseas? Abroad study shows that you are willing to dive out of your comfort zone, to commit to an experience you know nothing about prior, and to embrace opportunities as they come at you. There is nothing quite like having real-world experience, and abroad study offers that up on a glittering silver platter, with all the trimmings to boot.

Studying overseas as a personal growth exercise

As well as broadening your horizons academically and intellectually, studying overseas also inevitably helps you to grow more as a person. In embracing and wholeheartedly accepting the challenging adventure of overseas study, you are effectively putting the wheels in motion to evolve more as an individual. There is much to be said about the power of embracing the unknown, and what it can do for the soul. Abroad study places you in the thick of the unknown, and effectively leaves you to your own devices to find your way through the process. It is both daunting and exciting, and there is no doubt that studying abroad will teach you more about yourself than your classes ever will. A true win-win, right?

Top Tools for Digital Librarians, Archivists and Historians

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At a time when the world is flooded with information from a variety of sources, it’s important to have a trustworthy resource to help them comb through, synthesize, and understand information. That’s where digital librarians, archivists, and historians come in.

Tracking and analyzing historical information is at the heart of their work; however, just because many people believe librarians aren’t necessary in the internet age, that isn’t the case. In fact, the internet can be a powerful tool to harness if you’re a librarian or archivist, speeding up your workflow and granting you access to information from millions of sources. From video search engines to periodicals, here are some top online tools to consider.

JSTOR

JSTOR is an incredible tool when it comes to finding work published in journals or books, as well as primary sources. Offering hundreds of free articles and journals available for anyone to access, as well as other digitized works, the repository of information available from JSTOR is especially helpful for researchers, students, and historians.

They’re even paving the way for future ways to search for sources, by rolling out the beta version of a powerful text analysis tool. This text analysis tool allows you to upload an existing document you are working on to be run through a text analysis program that identifies recurring topics in your document.

After analyzing the piece, JSTOR then suggests complementary sources and essays to further your understanding and research that already exist in their database.

Video Searches

Video content is becoming an increasingly important aspect of our history and how information is shared and spread. Just look at the rising concerns about doctored video and “deepfakes” to see how powerful video is in the information age.

It’s also worth noting that videos appear in thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of websites, from sources like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to websites such as Minds.com, Bitchute, and, of course, YouTube. Video search tools crawl and index video content from all of these sources, thus democratizing internet video by showcasing sources beyond YouTube.

This makes them very useful tool for researchers and librarians looking to find a wide swath of videos, and not just content filtered through one large company.

Archive.org

Another excellent repository of internet ephemera and content is Archive.org. Also known as the Internet Archive, this website grants users access to millions of movies, audio files, images, computer programs, and books. The Internet Archive also archives websites through its search engine, the Wayback Machine, which allows you to view historical records and previous iterations of websites from over the years.

The videos available for viewing through archive.org are also indexed as part of Petey Vid, allowing for an exchange of utilization between the two platforms. One of the best features of the Internet Archive is the fact that everything is provided to users completely free of charge, thanks to its role as a non-profit organization. Perhaps most impressively, the Internet Archive boasts the preservation of a whopping 45 petabytes (or 45,000,000,000,000,000 bytes) of data.

While some associate search engines like Google with the demise of libraries and historians, the internet is empowering researches to work better, smarter, and more deeply. The above resources are just a few examples of the way that the internet is revolutionizing and revitalizing research.

What Can Happen If You Plagiarize Work?

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As it is known, plagiarism is a form of imposture. Whether it is by intention or not, stealing someone else’s work or not citing the original authors correctly is considered a crime. It is the practice of using someone else’s work and saying that you thought of it first or created it. Although there are unclear guidelines and rules between copying and thorough research, a student’s research is required to acknowledge the author of certain phrases, words or data that have contributed to the originality of the student’s material.
It is clear that plagiarism is a serious offence with some dire consequences and must be avoided at all costs. However, paraphrasing and re-quoting of a material are important as it allows one to add their own ideas and statements too.

Before you study the consequences of plagiarising work, first understand the categories of plagiarism.

  1. Direct plagiarism

It is a process when a student copies word to word of another person’s work without citing the author. This is most common in assignments where one student does the work, and other students just copy this work because maybe they did not complete theirs on time or did not find enough information.

  1. Self-plagiarism

It means copying work done by yourself before. E.g. submitting statements of an assignment handed to another professor without his or her permission, or handing in the same assignment to different professors without their permission.

  1. Mosaic plagiarism

This is where the writer copies words from an author without quotation marks or citing the author of the phrases and statements. Sometimes the writer may quote the author in a wrong way (wrong author to a quotation, etc.)

Being accused of any of these types of plagiarism can be frightening. That is why all the diligent students are extra careful when it comes to citing quotes and information from their papers. The consequences are severe and may end your academic career and effectively ruin your life.

  • Removal from position

The first consequence of plagiarising work is the removal from the position you may have been holding previously. If it is a minor case of plagiarism, you will only get a warning. However, you will have to explain to the professor why you plagiarised work. Here, you can argue that it was accidental. For cases where most of the paper or the entire assignment was copied, you will get more severe consequences. If you are a student, it means that you may fail the course or get expelled from school. There is also a chance that you will lose your job if you are working.

A great example is that of Marie-Louise Gumuchian who got fired from CNN because they found that she had plagiarised over 128 times. Her firing also included coverage by CNN and a declaration that they had deleted all the stories written by her that were plagiarized.

As a working professional, you are expected to know better than to put a client’s company at risk with your written content pieces. Thus your removal from the role especially if it has happened several times before.

  • Ruined reputation

If you are a well-recognised author or individual in society, your reputation will get destroyed. When you are accused and found guilty or improper citations, it will stick with you. Students expelled from their colleges or universities, as a result, may have trouble being accepted to other educational institutions. These accusations are likely to follow you from one job to another, and you will have trouble getting a job at all.

  • There may be legal consequences

On rare occasions, your plagiarism cases may have more severe consequences of having a tough time getting work. It is vital for you to understand the copyright laws and have issues following them. Failing this, the consequences can be grave – the author even may be sued to a prison sentence if the case is deemed a criminal offence. This is specific to people who write for a living like journalists who are always likely to have copying issues. It would be wise to use plagiarism checker after writing your paper to make sure that it is unique. These simple programs may help you avoid serious problems. If you write often, you are required to be more careful because you do extensive research and may face challenges finding the right authors for each piece of information.

  • The loss of lives

Sometimes, if an individual does not do thorough research, there is a great chance that they will plagiarise erroneous material. If the study conducted was medical, it could easily lead to the loss of life. This is the type of plagiarism that is particularly heinous. In the medical field, according to a report released in 2013, the most common type of plagiarism is self-plagiarism which has led to a lot of duplication of the same material in the media. These unethical research methods are having serious consequences in the medical profession. It is difficult to compare research from different people because so much of the information is copied from one source and authors claim to have conducted experiments themselves.

Conclusion

Avoiding plagiarism is easy. It requires authors to understand and follow the proper citation methods required from each paper. With proper citation, it is easy for them to give credit to the source. While there are some cases of accidental plagiarism, severe cases can be deemed intentional. Students need to take advantage of the different software available online that help them check plagiarism instances in their work. At the very beginning, for new writers, avoiding plagiarism may seem difficult. However, with time, it gets easier as they learn how to cite properly and research better.

Top 5 Graduate Career Options for Australian Bachelor of Commerce Graduates

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Graduating is always an exciting time, but it is also a time for uncertainty for many new graduates. Suddenly, you are balancing the line between being a dedicated student and becoming an industry newbie in your chosen field. Especially in the case of commerce graduates (and many other fields, for that matter), it can be hard to know how to make your first career move, or where to start looking for your first job. So, what are the best graduate careers for Bachelor of Commerce alumni?

Entrepreneurship

Going from graduate to entrepreneur might seem like a jump to some, but this is the single best way to get real-time industry experience while building your own brand and reputation – without having to work under anyone else. Entrepreneurship is very much a game of trial and error, but it is also one of the single most rewarding career paths that you can take on. Being in charge of your own career in every aspect is a privilege.

Human Resources

When people consider careers in commerce, HR is not one that generally instantly springs to mind. However, HR is one of the most exhilarating and rewarding career paths in commerce. Rather than dealing with goods, your career will be centred around providing a service for professionals across varying industries. This career requires a strong grasp of people skills.

Marketing

Studying commerce puts you in the perfect position to pursue a career in marketing after you graduate. Marketing is all about bridging the gap between the exchange of goods and services across various fields and industries. A career in marketing is not only rewarding, but directly places you in the thick of commerce in the most diverse yet acute way, and gives you the chance to express your creativity while elevating your career.

Public Relations

Having three to four years of study in commerce under you belt means that you have adequately amassed the skills and tools to go into a career in PR. PR is all about effectively creating a service where you are responsible for the public image of your clients. Essentially, you are the person who is accountable for the projected representation of an individual or a company. Good press is obviously ideal, and it is your job to eliminate bad press as efficiently and swiftly as possible.

Web design

The latest and greatest iteration in commerce is ecommerce (i.e. the digital version of the traditional field). We live in a digital age, and so it goes without saying that a function of commerce like ecommerce is steadily becoming more and more prominent across various industries, and in general. Web design is the perfect career for commerce graduates to go into if they have a passion for the digital landscape, for graphic design and content, and for bringing to fruition, and then perfecting, the digital landscapes of companies and individuals around the world. Web design is the perfect career path for commerce graduates who have a passion for digital exposure and subsequent expansion.

Developing healthy coping mechanisms as a student

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Attending college can be one of the most exciting and pivotal points in a student’s academic journey. It is true as the saying goes that college is truly what you make it. There are seemingly endless opportunities that await at higher education institutions. From groups and organizations to service opportunities and concerts, college can truly be a place for everyone to find something. Attending a large university provides even more opportunity for students to find a place where they belong.

For some, college can be hard thing to balance. While in school, it can seem like the entire world revolves around classes, exams, and turning in projects or assignments. Some people live by the motto of ‘work hard, play hard.’ For college students, this type of balance can be beneficial. When it comes to the extreme stress of being a student, there has to be times when the student is able to debrief from all of the work they are a required to do. When students do not learn healthy coping mechanisms to deal with stress, they may turn to harmful ways of coping that can be worse than the stress itself.

Although there is good stress, bad stress can seriously cause physical implications if it is not handled properly. Pent up stress can cause high blood pressure, heart complication, negative or interrupted sleeping patterns, and even anxiety or depression. A student’s physical and mental well-being are imperative to their academic success during college. Self-care is not selfish. Students who are unable to develop those healthy coping mechanisms may turn to drugs, alcohol, or other substances to abuse to try and deal with their stress. It is better to prevent these things than to try and treat and recover later. Prevention and education are key to providing necessary information for students.

For many students, especially first generation students, they truly may have no education or understanding of how to cope with all of the stress that comes with college. From applying to student loans to taking qualifying exams, so many factors of school can truly be stressful. Everyone deals with stress differently and the word stress can mean a variety of definitions and situations to varying individuals. Many schools provide resources to students about healthy coping mechanisms, but there are also a few things students can do to help their school and life balance.

One of the most important tasks a student can do is set up a good support system when they get to college. From friends, to roommates, professors and even a therapist, just having genuine people to truly talk to who are excellent listeners and responders is important. If students find that they aren’t finding people to talk to or establishing the right friend group, they can search the list of student organizations and join something that fits their interests. This can be a great way to meet other students with similar likes and interests and make friends with them. Coming out of high school, students may have lost touch with many of the people they grew up with. It can be hard losing an identity as one transitions to college to reinvent themselves. Another important way to utilize healthy coping mechanisms is to exercise and eat healthy foods. This can have a huge impact on overall happiness and energy levels.

Technological advancement brings the revitalisation that education needed

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The worldwide education industry is one that is continuously being challenged and brought to new heights. Throughout the decades, there have been many revolutionary innovations, but perhaps the most impressive to date is the infiltration of technological advancement into the sector. After all, this is an industry that has been historically traditional right down to its very core. And now, with the introduction of advanced technologies into such an industry, the sector has felt the keen sting of revitalisation both acutely and sharply. The result? The rise of online education.

Online education is the revolution that the academic sector has needed for quite some time. As the world we know has moved on, so too have the generations of students that have made their way through the education industries in their respective nations. Today, the first generations of tech-fluent students are making their way through the global academic system, and they are bringing with them the realisation that change is upon us. That change is inevitable, and so pushing back against it would only prolong the inevitable and damage the reputation of the industry in the process. Practically every aspect of education has gone digital in some way – and this is only the beginning of the evolution.

English tutoring, for example, can now be carried out entirely online, with both students and educators alike connecting via video to carry out tutoring sessions in an effort to working in additional academic work around one’s lifestyle, rather than the other way around. It is quite impressive – not to mention convenient. However, the most phenomenal impact of online education’s rise is the sheer convenience of its reaches in relation to modern students. Students are now able to take on entire course loads online, eliminating the necessity of geographical proximity that traditional education demanded so resolutely.

Taking education online has required a lot of forethought, trial and error, and technological savvy. As it stands now, the education system has been strengthened tenfold already in the wake of technological advancement and digitalisation. Enrolments are soaring, students are happier, and educators are more supported. All in all, the introduction of technology into the academic sector has been nothing short of life-changing. While the current generations of students are the first to experience this new format in education, they will prove to be the first of many. And the advancements of technologies and digitalisations in education is set only to advance further and quicker as time goes on.

The sheer quality of tech in the education system comes on the heels of worldwide technological advancement in all aspects. Taking a historically traditional industry and pulling it into the modern age through technological means and rapid digital advances is no easy feat. And yet, this is precisely what has occurred in the education industry in recent years. While we are experiencing impressive evolutions right now, these will soon come to be thought of as the humble beginnings of an evolution far more powerful than we perhaps expect right now. This is only the beginning for tech in education, and it is a beginning that is exciting and energising the  world.